One of the most common ways everyone encounters is tooth decay. When dental decay happens, the dentist treats it by draining the infected and decayed areas and then filling the cavity with specific materials. As a professional at dental emergency in Toronto explains, to fill a dental decay, several restorative materials can be employed. The two most popular dental restoration tools are composite and amalgam. If you like to learn more about this emergency dental issue, read this article. Besides, if you want to find an affordable emergency dental clinic in Toronto, you can visit the professional; team working at Dentistry on King, which has been recognized as a top dental clinic in Toronto by Dentistry near me, a well-known dental directory.            

 What Is Tooth Decay?

 The term “tooth decay” refers to tooth erosion caused by the loss of calcium and phosphorus from the tooth’s hard tissue (enamel) due to acid storage by the streptococcus bacteria. The sugar in sweet meals is broken down by oral bacteria and converted to acid. If you don’t get treatment for dental decay promptly, acidic substances will erode your tooth enamel, causing discomfort and infection that could lead to tooth loss.

Each tooth has three layers:

  • Tooth enamel (the outside, hard layer)
  • Dentin (the middle layer)
  • Pulp (the center layer)

If the decay gets to the inner layer of the tooth, additional damage results.

When Is Dental Repair Necessary?

 Your dentist uses various techniques to determine whether your tooth needs a filling and whether it is decaying.

  • A Dental Appearance Examination

 While some tooth discolorations do signal decay, not all discolorations do. To check for potential decay, the dentist uses an explorer, a pointed piece of metal. Enamel that is in good health is tough and can withstand the pressure of this metal tool. The metal tool does, however, adhere a little to the decaying enamel if the tooth is decayed since tooth enamel is weaker.

  • Imaging With X-rays

 X-rays can produce stunning images that reveal dental decay.

Different Approaches to Restoring Teeth

  • Amalgam (Black Substance) Restoration

 With exceptional strength and longevity, amalgam is a mixture of mercury, silver, tin, zinc, and copper. It was used more frequently, but its use has decreased as beauty concerns have received greater attention. However, it remains the top option for bleeding subgingival restorations.

  • Composite (A Tooth-colored Substance) Restoration

  All tooth restoration techniques, particularly those used to restore front teeth, include composites as one of the most popular solutions. These materials have the same color teeth and are made from composite resins.

 Advantages of Restoration with Amalgam Materials:

  • Amalgam restorations are highly durable and continuous.
  • They are strong and effectively resist chewing forces.
  • It can be applied to gum-line bleeding locations.

Benefits of Composite Restoration Materials Include:

 The fact that composite restorations match the color of the teeth is one of their most significant benefits. Composites can now be found in a variety of colors. Several composites, including enamel and dentin, are offered in various colors for different dental regions.

Composite restorations are micro-mechanically and chemically connected to the tissue and structure of the tooth tissue and are hardened by special rays, and reach a veritably high resistance.

Lower tooth tissue must be removed for composite restorations because no area needs to be created to firmly hold the restoration material and form a connection with the tooth.